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Price action Patterns | Impulse moves or Momentum moves

The first leg of the basic trending structure is often called a momentum move or an impulse move. In an uptrend, this is a relatively sharp advance driven by buying pressure (demand) overcoming existing selling pressure (supply) and creating a lack of liquidity on one side of the market. After a market has been locked in an extended trading range with no clear momentum, a sharp momentum move penetrating one side of the range is often a sign that there is a new imbalance of buying or selling pressure. Read about basic trending structure

Impulse moves in Trend


Impulse moves drive trends. As long as each trend leg extends in a momentum move approximately consistent with previous moves, the probabilities favor buying the next pullback for another trend high, or, in the case of downtrend, shorting the pullbacks for another run at the lows. What you do not want to see in a trend is the emergence of sharp counter trend momentum moves on one of the pullbacks. It is important to understand the subtle clues the market gives us, sometimes the most important ones are very obvious. There is no point trying to trade with the uptrend after an emergence of counter trend momentum, it is safe to assume the trend is broken until further notice.

Signs of Momentum moves failure

Remember, the normal pattern in an established trend is that each setup leg is a momentum move, and the subsequent extensions also function as momentum moves setting up the next trend leg. Economics 101 tells us that increased demand in a market will lift prices as the market tries to find a new market-clearing price; this description of trend movement is one of the mechanisms through which that adjustment happens. Eventually, higher prices will bring enough sellers into the market that a new, perhaps temporary, equilibrium is achieved. Astute technical traders can usually see clues to this process in the market tape. The most important patterns are: new momentum highs or lows, subsequent trend legs making similar new impulse moves, and the absence of strong countertrend momentum on pullbacks.
Read about the market psychology of Trends


Buy pullbacks following an upward impulse move, or short bounces after strong selling impulse moves. That, in a nutshell, is a very effective plan for trading trends. Not so fast—there is a potential complication, and it is one of the most significant problems in technical analysis. It is true that there should be follow-through in the direction of previous impulse moves; however, extremely strong impulse moves are more indicative of climax or exhaustion. This is one of the common ways that trends end, so it is important to fully understand these patterns.

Climax price action

These types of formations a type of short-term mania sets in as emotional buyers chase the market higher and higher. At some point, the last buyer who wants to buy has bought, and the market becomes extremely vulnerable to a sell-off. The slightest pause or speed bump will send a market like this crashing back into the vacuum on the other side, as there is no more natural buying pressure underneath the market. In addition, there may even be traders who bought into the last trend leg, and they are now the last weak-hand longs.

A climax, by itself, is probably not enough information to justify assuming a counter trend (though it does have the advantage of defining a clear risk point), but it should at least put trend traders on caution. Do not enter pullbacks following potential climaxes.

Chart source : Investing.com


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About the Author:

Balaji is a Speculator, Investor and Trader (All in All!!!) and self published author. Trading in the Markets since decade, have seen more ups and downs along with institutional trader's lifestyle. He usually trades Nifty, Bank Nifty, Commodities, Futures cum Options around both Indian and global Markets. Balaji applies highly analytical and systematic Price Action strategies He blogs passionately about Trading strategies, Price Action Trading, Technical analysis, Macro events, Market setups, Financial and Economical topics. Apart from Trading and Blogging, Balaji also mentors aspiring Traders and Investors on becoming successful in highly competitive financial Markets.

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